Church Plant Project
Jan 2014 - Apr 2017
Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas on the Suquía River, about 700 km (435 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires. Córdoba is the second-largest city in Argentina, with about 1.3 million inhabitants according to the 2001 census. The city was founded on 6 July 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, who named it after Córdoba, Spain. The Universidad Nacional de Córdoba is the oldest university in Argentina, founded in 1613 by the Jesuit Order. Because of this, Córdoba has earned the nickname La Docta (roughly translated, "The Learned one").
The largest ethnic groups in Córdoba are Italians and Spaniards (mostly Galicians and Basques). Waves of immigrants from other European countries arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. From the rest of Western Europe came immigrants from Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom and Ireland, and Scandinavia (especially Sweden). Eastern Europeans also arrived from nations such as Croatia, Poland, Hungary, Russia, Romania, Ukraine, Armenia and the Balkans (especially Greece, Serbia and Montenegro). By the 1910s, 43 percent of the city population was non-native Argentinian after immigration rates peaked.
Since World War II, Córdoba has been developing a versatile industrial base. The biggest sectors are car manufacturing (Renault, Volkswagen, Fiat), railway construction (Materfer) and aircraft construction (Fábrica Militar de Aviones). Furthermore, there are textile, heavy and chemical industries and some agro-businesses.